Tag Archives: Turkey

Fundamentals of Governance in Afghanistan

-Istanbul, Turkey- Afghanistan’s 2004 Constitution created a highly centralized government with a strong presidency. This model was endorsed by the international community on the grounds that Afghanistan needed a strong leader and that the previous governments in Afghanistan had employed such structures. Five years on, it is apparent that the Kabul government has been unable […]

Afghanistan’s Other Neighbors: Iran, Central Asia, and China

-Istanbul, Turkey- Landlocked Afghanistan lies in the heart of Asia. It links three major cultural and geographic regions: the Indian subcontinent to the southeast, Central Asia to the north, and the Iranian Plateau in the west. Geography may not be destiny, but it has set the course of Afghan history for millennia. Even today Afghanistan […]

The Durand Line: History, Consequences and Future

-Istanbul, Turkey- The demarcation of the frontier between British India and Afghanistan was made explicit by the Durand Agreement of 1893. Imposed over Afghan objections it divided the Pashtun tribes and gave the British control of those in what would become the Northwest Frontier Province (NWFP). From the very beginning the line caused controversy by […]